Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Scientists use maths to hunt for identity of elusive Banksy

A new artwork by Banksy opposite the French Embassy in London.

Staff writer and AP, News Corp Australia Network

 ELUSIVE street artist Banksy may have been unmasked — by mathematics. 

Scientists have applied a type of modelling used to track down criminals and map disease outbreaks to identify the graffiti artist, whose real name has never been confirmed.

The technique, known as geographic profiling, is used by police forces to narrow down lists of suspects by calculating from multiple crime sites where the offender most likely lives.

The researchers used the location of 140 Banksy artworks in London and Bristol, western England.

Writing in the Journal of Spatial Science, they said the artworks “are associated with sites linked to one prominent candidate” — Robin Gunningham, previously named in media reports as Banksy.

A spray paint work by Banksy is adjusted at Bonhams auction house in London.
A spray paint work by Banksy is adjusted at Bonhams auction house in London.Source:AP

They said the study is not conclusive but “does provide some support for the theory that he is Banksy.”

Banksy’s spokeswoman did not immediately respond to a request for comment yesterday.

The artist’s satirical stencils — rats, kissing policemen, riot police with yellow smiley faces — first appeared on walls in Bristol before spreading to London and then around the world.

His works have fetched as much as $1.8 million at auction.

The researchers say their art-sleuthing “demonstrates the flexibility of geographic profiling.” Lead writer Steven Le Comber, a mathematical biologist at Queen Mary University of London, said the technique had uses beyond criminology, such as working out where epidemics start.

Banksy’s Rat Stencil 2002.Banksy’s Rat Stencil 2002. 
Source: Supplied

He said that during a malaria outbreak in Cairo, “we found that if we used the addresses of people with malaria we could find the mosquitoes that were spreading the disease very easily.” Le Comber said the Banksy hunt suggested geographic profiling could even be used to track down terrorists before they commit an attack.

“Some terrorists will engage in graffiti, banner-posting and leafleting to establish their credibility,” Le Comber said.

A new mural by Bansky, which highlights the use of tear gas by French police against migrants, was quickly covered over in January after it appeared on a building opposite the French embassy in London.

The mural features the character Cosette from French author Victor Hugo’s classic novel Les Miserables, holding a French flag and crying as tear gas billows out of a canister below her.

news.com.au 5 Mar 2016

This technology is not only used to hunt for the illusive Banksy...

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